Endometriosis refers to the condition in which the tissue that normally lines the interior of your uterus (also known as endometrium) grows on the exterior portion of your uterus, where it doesn’t apply. When you are suffering from the condition of endometriosis, the tissue tends to grow on your fallopian tubes, ovaries and the exterior of your uterus, as well as on your organs on the abdomen.
Endometriosis is a quite common health problem occurring in the women. It is estimated that around 5 million people are affected by this condition in the U.S. It can lead to painful periods, heavy menstrual bleeding, and even make it harder for you to become pregnant. Till date there’s no cure for endometriosis, however, certain treatment can help with the symptoms.
Some people with endometriosis do not experience any symptoms.
Endometriosis is incurable, however, it can be treated with the help of medicine and surgery. If your symptoms are mild, pain relievers can be of great help. If you don’t want to get pregnant at the moment, your doctor can prescribe certain hormonal birth control like the pill or a hormonal IUD to manage your pain and bleeding. There are various other medications as well that you can take if you’re trying to get pregnant.
Surgery is the only option for you if your symptoms are very bad or if you want to get pregnant but haven’t been able to unable to. A surgeon removes the growths that are on the exterior surface of your uterus, cutting down on pain and making it easier for you to get pregnant. But there is often the relapse of the growths after surgery, therefore you may need to take medication, as well. As the last option people go for hysterectomy — which includes removal of the uterus and seldom the ovaries, though it’s difficult to get pregnant after that.