Infertility refers to the condition where a couple trying to conceive naturally is unable to do so even after 12 months of trying. It is a matter of great worry for patients above the age of 35 years as for them infertility is marked when they are unable to conceive after 6 months of trying. So given below the causes, risks and treatment for this condition.
There are various causes of infertility that may be present in either or both of the partners. According to various medical studies, 20% of the infertility cases occur in males, and about 40% to 50% of cases occur due to problems in the female partner. Approximately 30% of the cases have infertility issues due to problems in both men and women. Ovulation and fertilisation are the two main components of the fertilization process, and any condition in either of the partner that disturbs the function of the either can make it hard to conceive. Problems such as abnormal sperm production, low sperm motility are the common condition that leads to infertility in males, Various other factors such as after-effects of cancer treatments and excessive exposure to toxins and chemicals can also lead to infertility in men.
In females, the reasons of infertility range from ovulation disorders, fibroid and uterine tumours, uterine and cervical issues, blockage or damage to the fallopian tubes, primary ovarian insufficiency, endometriosis, and pelvic adhesions. Other factors or conditions like thyroid, cancer or use of certain medication leads to infertility that may be reversed.
There are numerous factors, which makes a male or a female vulnerable to the risk of infertility. A woman in her mid-30s has slow ovulation and production of an egg. similarly, smoking and use of tobacco is the common cause of infertility in any of the partner. Weight issues like being overweight or underweight also impact a person’s fertility. Further, there are various factors relating to your routine activities, which can lead to this condition as well.
The treatment for infertility is different for male and females. In Male patients treatment for any current infections, with the help of medication and hormonal injections, surgical options such as vasectomy reversal, or ART or assistive reproductive technology. Female patients can take help of medication that stimulates ovulation. Other techniques to improve women fertility are Intrauterine Insemination, and surgical processes. This can help in the uterine septum and successfully removes endometrial polyps, or even a hysteroscopy surgery.
In case of failure of these methods, the patient can always go for methods such as In Vitro Fertilisation. For certain reasons causing infertility, lifestyle changes are recommended with stress-free conditions that greatly help in increasing the chances of conception.