Ovulation- Things You Must know!





Most women stay in dilemma regarding what time does their ovulation occurs or the duration of the fertile window. According to a recent study it was found that couples, who are sexually active and healthy and belong to their 20s and 30s and does not use birth control measures, expect a child after staying together for a year. It is a known but an interesting fact that you have a high chance of getting pregnant at the time of your ovulation. It is a small period that comes in your menstrual cycle each month. During this period the ovary produces the egg and the egg is thus available for fertilisation. However, even if you are engaging in a sexual activity two or three days prior to ovulation, there is a high chance of fertilisation. After ovulation is over, the fertilization period gets closed for the next cycle, which is thus called the safe period. however, it cannot be considered 100% safe for unprotected sex as the chances of getting pregnant are very low but still there.


When does ovulation begin?


Ovulation in ideal cases takes place in the middle of your menstrual cycle. It generally tends to occur halfway through the cycle. however the average time period of a menstrual cycle is 28 days. Therefore ovulation occurs approximately on the 14th day (the first day of menstruation is considered as day 1 of the cycle). however, in certain cases, women have cycles that could be of 23- 35 days. In such women, ovulation day alters from the 9th day - 21st day of the cycle.


How do you come to know that you are ovulating?


By Checking your calendar: It is wise to keep track of your menstrual cycle. These days a number of apps are handy for keeping a check on your menstrual calendar. You should, therefore, keep the dates for a few months. This gives you the rough idea as to when you really ovulate. It is hard to figure out the actual time of ovulation if your period becomes irregular.


listen to your body: Your body immediately gives you the signal before starting the ovulation. cramping or mild pain in the lower abdomen is common before ovulation starts. This pain is called mittelschmerz. It tells you about the coming periods.


Chart your body temperature: it is advised to keep a record of your basal body temperature, which you can measure in the early morning before rising from the bed. Your basal body temperature fluctuates throughout your menstruation cycle. Progesterone hormone is accountable for increasing your body temperature. In the first 14 days of the cycle, the progesterone levels are low which keeps the temperature low as compared to the other half of ovulation.


Ovulation kits: ovulation detector kits can also be used to know the ovulatory period. Many kits are easily accessible in the market that tells about your peak fertility. You should start using them from day 9 by taking the urine test daily in the afternoon. Initially, there occurs a single line in the kit. Slowly you will notice a second line that is coloured. You are required to perform the test daily until both the lines are of the same magnitude. The day you get the similar coloured lines in the kit, is when you should begin the sexual intercourse. The coming few days are of peak fertility so stay close at least for next 3-4 days. .


Fertile Period: Three days before the ovulation and 2 days after ovulation is considered the fertile window as the sperm remains viable for 3 days inside female genitalia and once the ovum is released, it remains available for 2 days for fertilization.


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